A Professional Appraisal Defined
The type of appraisal we are talking about here is the one which is completed by a certified, designated, and/or licensed real estate fee appraiser. There are three Approaches to Value available to the appraiser. The Market Approach to Value considers recent comparable sales in the subject area. The appraiser utilizes dollar or percentage adjustments to the selling prices of these comparable sales to reflect the differences between the comparables and the subject property and arrives at an Indicated Market Value of the subject property. The appraiser may also include the Cost Approach to Value where appropriate, incorporating current building costs and depreciation for age, condition, location, deferred maintenance, and obsolescence, etc. to arrive at an Indicated Cost Value. The Cost Approach is not typically used by purchasers or sellers in the market place. Further, there is little or no evidence to support the rates of depreciation used in this approach. If the subject property is rented, the third approach, called the Income Approach to Value, may be included. The Income Approach basically takes the net income of the subject property and capitalizes that income using various methods to arrive at an Indicated Income Value of the subject property. The appropriate Approaches of Value are considered and reconciled within the residential appraisal report to arrive at a final Estimate of Value. It should be noted that the Market Approach to Value is generally the most prevalent indicator of value for most owner-occupied single family residences, since this is most reflective of the process most purchasers go through in their quest for a new home.